Macular hole, epiretinal membranes and vitreomacular traction (VMT)
- Macular holes occur in 2-3 of the general population
- Epiretinal membranes are found in 10% of the general population
- VMT – the incidence is unknown
A macular hole is a disorder that affects the centre of the macula (the central region of the retina). A macular hole can occur with age and is more common in women than men. It measures approximately one millimetre in diameter and occurs in the very centre of your line of vision.
How do macular holes occur?
The membrane resembles cellophane and as it grows it can distort the retinal surfaces. With an epiretinal membrane, images appear bigger or smaller than those seen with the unaffected eye, straight lines can also be distorted.
Vitreomacular traction (VMT)
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